According to The Economist, India is held back economically because it has a weak middle class.
The article is 3000 words and has three graphs. How to connect the parts of the text to the appropriate graphs? Numbered captions are one standard technique, but keeping the figure together with a legible caption can be a challenge.
Running the figures inline and referring to them as the next figure or the figure below can work but has issues for multiple columns and page breaks.
A convenient solution is to place a figure number in the chart and use text like (see chart 2).
This works especially well with charts that are largely self documenting.